Infertility is a rising issue amongst youngsters. There are many couples who are young and normal but have unexplained infertility. There are others who have some other minor issues with their bodies that render them infertile. Infertility is directly linked with the body’s functionality and overall health.
Many couples can now be seen seeking advice from doctors on examining why they are unable to have children despite trying for many years. Male infertility is seen to be more common than female infertility but thankfully, there is a male infertility treatment that is now made available to young men to understand what their issue is and how they can be sorted.
For those who are confused about whom to seek when it comes to male infertility treatment, a gynecologist would be the best person to approach as they can conduct tests and procedures and determine if there is an issue with the reproductive system and if it can be corrected.
Most issues can be corrected by a gynecologist by providing treatment but there are some others that require artificial measures. This can be decided only after consulting with a gynecologist.
What Causes Male Infertility?
Male infertility is defined as the male partner’s inability to provide active and sufficient sperms that can fertilize the egg of the female partner. Fertility depends on many aspects and cannot be attributed to one or the other.
As most doctors say, creating a new life is one of the most complicated and sophisticated human functions and it requires many small functions to come together in the best manner to make simple fertilization of the egg possible.
Of the many reasons why male infertility happens, some of the common reasons are mentioned below:
1. Poor Semen Quality
Sperms are of utmost importance for the whole process of fertilization to occur. Poor sperm count or immotile sperms, or weak/inactive sperms can drastically reduce the chances of conceiving. Even though most men can improve their sperm quality by maintaining a good diet, healthy lifestyle, and dietary and medicinal supplements, for some men, it may be a big challenge that leads couples to consider other artificial options. These options include home insemination utilizing donor sperm, IVF treatment, and surgery.
2. Age factor
Most men who are above the age of 40-45 can have a significant drop in their sperm quality and therefore make it difficult for men to have children even with multiple attempts. Age is one of the primary factors as men who are in their 20s and 30s have healthier sperm counts than their counterparts.
3. Health Factors
General health also plays a huge role in fertility for a man. Those who have prostate gland issues, a weak or distorted penis, undescended testicles, erectile dysfunction, etc can have a hard time having children because of their co-morbid condition which compromises their ability to create good quality sperms.
4. Lifestyle Factors
Lifestyle is one of the most important factors nowadays as more and more young couples find it hard to conceive. When it comes to men, poor diet, poor nutrition, poor sleeping pattern, heavy usage of alcohol, cigarettes, and other recreational drugs along with lack of exercise or obesity can severely drop their chances of having children. All of these factors affect the quality of sperm and therefore make it hard for the couple to conceive.
5. Genetic Factors
Some men have unexplained infertility as it may be genetic and can be passed on from parents to children. They may naturally have poor semen quality.