Types of Electric Vehicle Cables- All You Should Know

Recently, electric vehicles have gained a lot of popularity. They are favorite among many auto enthusiasts, thanks to their numerous benefits. If you own an electric car, you must know how critical EV charging cables are. However, the cables are distinct, with varying power ratings and connectors.

Here’s everything you should know about electric vehicle cables.

 Types of electric vehicle cables

You’ll need to plug in connectors in the charging cable to put into the vehicle while charging your electric car. Such connectors vary by vehicle and power rating of the charging point. You can find the difference here to expand your knowledge of electric vehicle cables. The common types include.

  • Non-tetheredcables

Non-tethered cables are connected to a wall outlet in a charging station. If you want to charge your car at home, you can achieve that using the cables’ home charging station. Such wires are common in public areas such as shopping malls, airports, etc.

  • Tethered cables

These are directly attached to your car battery pack, and you’ll have to plug them into a power unit to charge your vehicle. However, tethered cables are more expensive and will allow you to drive for long distances without worrying about your car charge.

  • Mode 2

Mode 2 is usually given by the car manufacturer and is available in many versions. It contains an in-cable control box communicating between the vehicle and the connector plug. You can use a domestic socket to charge the car.

  • Mode 3

Model 3 are EV charging cables that connect the charging station and your electric vehicle. Your charge stations will give you a type 2 socket that enables you to use a plug of type 1 or 2.

Type 1

Type 1 connects a single phase that allows up to 7.4kw power ratings.

Type 2

It is a triple phase with charging levels of up to 22kW in private charging areas. In public places, the power ratings are up to 43Kw.

  • Industrial commando

Industrial commando cables are standard while charging industrial cars because they can channel high voltage power. They can withstand dirt, water, and dust which makes them unique.

  • CHAdeMO

CHAdeMO cables enable rapid charging with a power rating of 50kw and a 30 minutes per 75miles range.

How to choose the right type of electric vehicle cable

Car cables are expensive; you can’t afford to make blunders while choosing EV charging cables. Consider the below aspects to make a wise selection;

1. EV charging cable connector

Although there are numerous types, you can quickly identify the one that suits your car by glancing at it. Use the handbook with electric car models to determine the suitable connector.

2. Power ratings

Aim to have a charging cable that transmits the right power to your car battery within the shortest time.

3. The cable length

There is no ideal size to fit all cars. Choose the right size depending on your installation and the capacity of your vehicle’s onboard charger.


The most critical part of owning an electric car is the EV charging cables. There are numerous types of electric vehicle cables, and it’s advisable to pick the right one for your car. This can be challenging, but the dealer can help you in the selection.

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