The World Health Organization cites obesity in kids as a major public health issue in the 21st century. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 2016 that 41 million kids under the age of 5 were overweight, and 340 million children between the ages of 5 and 19 were overweight. Is obesity in kids and issue to concern? Let’s see it in detail.
Obesity in Kids
Kids with a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 95% of their fellows are overweight. BMI is a technique used to evaluate your “weight status.” BMI is estimated by your weight and height. Your BMI percentile (where your BMI number sits in proportion to other people) is computed using your gender and age.
Childhood obesity is a severe health danger to kids. The issues of obesity in kids have outgrown merely being overweight and are at risk for a range of chronic health issues. Miserable health originating from childhood obesity can pass into adulthood.
Childhood obesity doesn’t simply harm physical health. Children and teenagers who are overweight or have obesity might become unhappy and have low self-image and self-esteem.
Reasons for Obesity in Kids
Family history, psychological variables, and lifestyle all have a role in childhood obesity. But the primary factor of childhood obesity is overeating and very less physical activity.
Fast food, sweets, and soft drinks are typical causes. The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) states that 32 percent of teenage girls and 52 percent of adolescent males in the United States drink 24 ounces of soda – or more — every day.
Readily available foods, such as freezer meals, salty snacks, and canned pasta can also contribute to unhealthy weight gain. The problem is that some parents fail to prepare nutritious foods for their children.
Lack of Physical Activity
Not enough physical exercise can be another cause of childhood obesity. People of all ages tend to acquire weight when they’re less active. Maintaining a healthy weight is possible through exercise. Active kids may burn fewer calories than those who aren’t encouraged to play sports or stay active.
Psychological difficulties may also lead to obesity in some kids. Kids and teenagers who are depressed, fed up, or worried may overeat to control bad feelings.
Health Risks Connected with Obesity in Kids
Obese kids are in more danger of getting serious issues instead of the fellows who have a healthy weight. Some of the potential risks are as follow:
Type 2 diabetes is a disorder where your body doesn’t process glucose efficiently. Diabetes can lead to eye problems, nerve damage, and renal malfunction. Children and adults who are overweight are more prone to acquire type 2 diabetes.
High cholesterol and high blood pressure enhance the risk of eventual heart disease in children with obesity. Foods with more fat and salt may cause cholesterol and blood pressure levels to increase. Heart attack and stroke are two possible consequences of heart disease.
It is a constant swelling of the lung’s airways. Obesity is the most prevalent comorbidity (when two diseases occur in the same individual simultaneously) with asthma. Experts aren’t sure exactly how the two ailments are connected. According to a recent study published in the journal Asthma Research and Practice, roughly 38 percent of persons with asthma in the United States also have obesity. That same study indicated that obesity might be a risk factor for more severe asthma in some, but not all, patients with obesity.
Kids and teenagers who have obesity may also suffer from sleep difficulties, such as loud snoring and sleep apnea. Extra weight in the neck region might restrict their airways.
Joint stiffness, discomfort, and reduced extent of movement are the outcomes of bearing extra weight. In many circumstances, decreasing weight helps eliminate joint issues.
Adopting a Healthy Diet
Changing the eating routine of kids with obesity is critically vital. Parental control impacts your child’s feeding patterns. Most kids eat what their parents buy, so good eating needs to start with you.
Change your diet by minimizing sweets and fizzy drinks in your home. Even beverages with 100-percent juice can be highly caloric. Rather, provide water and lower-fat or nonfat milk with meals.
Preparing dinner and dining together is good in a nutritional sense, but it’s also a fantastic opportunity to have some family time.
Include fresh foods in your diet rather than processed meals, salty snacks, or baked food. Try:
- Whole grains, like whole-wheat pasta, brown rice, and whole-grain bread
- Light proteins, like fish and chicken
- Fresh fruits and veggies
- Low-fat dairy products
You can consult the best gastroenterologist in Peshawar if all above doesn’t result in weight loss. You may need further support from a specialist.
Change Your Way of Living
Various techniques can assist in avoiding childhood obesity.
Increase Physical Activity
Increase your child’s level of physical exercise to help them lose weight safely. Use the phrase “activity” instead of “exercise” or “workout” to keep kids interested. For example, hopscotch may be more enticing to a 7-year-old than jogging around the block. Consider encouraging your kids to attempt a sport in which they are interested.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that kids perform at least one hour’s worth of exercise every day to be healthy.
Try Family Activities
Choose the things or activities which can involve the whole family. This is an excellent way to bond, but it also helps your child learn by example. Hiking, swimming, or simply playing tag can help your child get active and start on the path to a healthier weight. Be cautious about rotating activities to prevent boredom.
Reduce Screen Time
Limit screen time, too. Kids who spend many hours a day in front of screens are more likely to be overweight. According to studies by the Harvard School of Public Health, the cause for this may be twofold.
Childhood obesity is a severe concern. Still, with adequate training and assistance, kids may find healthy methods to handle their difficulties, make food, and keep energetic. This support must come from the people in their lives: parents, teachers, and other caregivers. Assist your kid to be in good health for a long time by providing healthy foods and encouraging them to get lots of activity. You can also get help from the Best Gastroenterologist by visiting Marham.